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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 499-506
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.055


Evaluation of Charka and Cottage Reeling Units in traditional Silk Producing District of Tamil Nadu, India-An Economic Analysis
D. Elumalai1*, P. Mohanraj1, R. Ramamoorthy1, C. Mohan2 and B. Poovizhiraja3
1Department of Sericulture, Forest Collage and Research Institute, Mettupalayam, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Agricultural Entomology, Palar agricultural college,Ambur, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural Collage and Research Institute, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India   
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was conducted in the traditional silk producing district of Tamil Nadu. The traditional silk producing district like Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri was selected. Using random sampling techniques identified in the charka and cottage reelers. Totally 60 samples are selected. From the primary data observed that charka reelers per day reeling capacity of 15 kg/ machine. The total expenditure of charka reelers Rs. 6685 as on 15 kg of cocoon and one kg of expenditure observed as Rs. 2971. Raw silk reeled per basin per day in charka 2.25 kg and total returns work out for Rs.7775. The net return realized for Rs.1110, respectively. Next, cottage reelers per day reeling capacity of machine 60 kg of cocoon. Total production cost of reeling cocoon of Rs. 25704.30. Raw silk reeled per basin five per day in cottage 8.67 kg. The total return calculated for Rs. 29385.50 and net return realized for Rs.3681.TheB.C ratio worked out to be least in charka and high in cottage reeling machine. So as renditta was high charka and low cottage basin was observed in the study. The major problem faced by reelers irrespective of reeling system was problems related to working capital like lack of institutional credit especially short-term credit availability. Labour was next factor which includes shortage of skilled labour especially women labour. The improper weighment of cocoons and non-availability of quality cocoons regularly were problems at market level. The other problems like reelers were lack of remunerative price for domestic silk, unaware of government policies on imports and import tariffs on silk from China.


Keywords: Cost and return, Silk reeling, Charka, Cottage and Constraints
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How to cite this article:

Elumalai. D., P. Mohanraj, R. Ramamoorthy, C. Mohan and Poovizhiraja. B. 2020. Evaluation of Charka and Cottage Reeling Units in traditional Silk Producing District of Tamil Nadu, India- An Economic Analysis.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 499-506. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.055