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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 247-271
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.028


Biofortification and Human Health
Iyabo Christianah Oladipo* and Olatayo Shamsudeen Ishola
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso 210214, Oyo State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This review has focused on how biofortification can rescue the global micronutrient malnutrition. Various methods have been adopted and perhaps still in use to provide the body with nutrients that are not readily available in diet. Examples include, Food supplements and Diet alteration which involves eating different plant based food to provide these essential micronutrients to the body. Micronutrient deficiencies is usually referred to “hidden hunger” and it is the leading cause of many diseases in sub-Sahara Africa especially amongst the low income earners that cannot afford the food supplements that are readily available in the city. Biofortification is a process of improving nutritional profile of plant-based foods through agronomic interventions, genetic engineering, and plant breeding. This has proven effective in Biofortified Golden rice, Wheat, Cassava and Maize etc. In health, biofortified food/crops has no well documented adverse effect and as helped to ensure bioavailability of micronutrients such as Zinc, Iodine, Iron, Selenium, Carotenoids and Vitamin A which are essential for healthy living and if not present would have severe adverse effect. This review has explored different advantages of biofortification and provided wealth of knowledge that can be of immense benefits for farmers in crop cultivation using biofortification techniques and to encourage the consumption of biofortified food to end malnutrition globally. Biofortification is a technology with grave advantage to reduce or eradicate micronutrient deficiencies globally. Proper orientation and awareness should be administered to farmers and the masses to encourage the use of this technological advancement to help malnourished people globally. Also government policies should be such that to accommodate the use of biofortified crops and foster development in Agriculture sector. However, further research should encourage detecting and affirming any adverse health implications and environmental hazard.


Keywords: Malnutrition, Micronutrients, Biofortification; Genetic engineering, Plant breeding
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How to cite this article:

Iyabo Christianah Oladipo and Olatayo Shamsudeen Ishola. 2020. Biofortification and Human Health.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 247-271. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.028