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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 140-146
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.016


The Implications of Intellectual Property Rights in Protecting Animal Genetics Resources and Biodiversity: A Review
R. Selvam*
Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Tirunelveli - 627 358, Tamil Nadu, India Tamil Nadu Veterinary and AnimalSciences University
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The objective of this review is to summarize the importance of various forms of intellectual property rights, impacts of PBR, CBD, TRIPS and Biological Diversity Act 2002 and future prospects in protecting the native livestock breeds and associated traditional knowledge for conservation and their sustainable use in the modern IPR system. Intellectual Property Rights is an exclusive right over the creations of the mind. Intellectual property includes patents, trademarks, industrial designs and geographical indications and copyright. IPR rewards the creativity and it encourages economic growth. PBR is a sui generis system for protecting plants. India is signatory to CBD and TRIPS Agreement, it is obligatory for India to develop suitable legislation to protect and improve livestock genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge. As a member to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, India formulated the Biological Diversity Act, 2002. The effects of IPRs on animal genetic resources and biodiversity diversity are rarely been evaluated, but there is an imperative need for this analysis. Protection of native livestock breeds and associated traditional knowledge through appropriate sui generis system is essential for conservation and their sustainable use in the modern IPR system. The internationally accepted legal system is must be developed in relation to the use of livestock biodiversity.


Keywords: Intellectual Property Rights, Patent, Biological Diversity Act, traditional knowledge, sui generis system
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How to cite this article:

Selvam. R. 2020. The Implications of Intellectual Property Rights in Protecting Animal Genetics Resources and Biodiversity: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 140-146. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.016