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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 3195-3200
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.382


Evaluation of Different Substrates for Production of Milky Mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C) in Odisha
Niranjan Chinara1* and Shyama Sundar Mahapatra2
1All India Coordinated Research Project on Mushroom, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha-751003, India
2Regional Research and Technology Transfer Station, Ranital, Bhadrak,Odisha- 756111, India, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C) is an indigenous mushroom suitable for tropical region of the country which can be grown in different agro-wastes. To ascertain the efficacy of substrates, an experiment was conducted with different lignocellulosic substrates for production of milky mushroom. Ten different lignocellulosic substrates viz. paddy straw, maize stalk, maize cob, wheat straw, green gram stalk, groundnut shell, coir pith, mustard stalk, sugarcane baggase and niger stick were evaluated and data on days to spawn run, days to pin head formation, days to first harvest, number of mushrooms, yield per bag and biological efficiency as well morphological characteristics like pileus diameter, stipe length and stipe diameter were recorded from five randomly selected mushrooms of each treatment. Highest biological efficiency (BE) was recorded from wheat straw (86.8 %) with 1302 g mushroom /1500 g dry substrate followed by paddy straw (74.2 %). Early spawn run, pinhead initiation and 1st harvest was observed in wheat straw (17.5 d, 24.3d and 35.9 d) as compared to paddy straw. Delayed 1st harvest was recorded in coir pith (51.1d) followed by groundnut shell (49.6 d). The morphology and number of mushroom harvested from wheat straw was maximum that directly influenced the yield per bag. Highest pileus diameter, stipe length and stipe diameter was observed in mushroom harvested from wheat straw (116.0 mm, 175.2 mm, 73.7 mm) which was statistically at par with that of paddy straw. But, paddy straw substrate can be recommended for production of milky mushroom instead of wheat straw because of its unavailability in the state of Odisha.


Keywords: Milky mushroom, Sugarcane baggase and niger stick, Lignocellulosic
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How to cite this article:

Niranjan Chinara and Shyama Sundar Mahapatra. 2020. Evaluation of Different Substrates for Production of Milky Mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C) in Odisha.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 3195-3200. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.382