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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 2877-2892
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.348


Effects of Manure and Synthetic Fertilizer with Residue Returning on Soil Organic Carbon Storage; Interactions with Intra-Aggregate Pore Structure and Water Stable Aggregates in High Input Cropping System: A Review
P. K. Singh1*, R. K. Naresh2, U. P. Shahi3, S. S.Tomar4, R. B. Singh5, K. G. Yadav1, Mukesh Kumar1, Mukesh Kumar6, A. K. Mishra7, Vipin Kumar Sharma8 and Rakesh Tiwari9
1Directorate of Extension,
2Department of Agronomy,
3Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry,
6Directorate of Research, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut (U. P.), India
4R.V.S. Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya - ZARS, Morena, India
5All India Coordinated Project on Use of Saline Water in Agriculture,
R.B.S. College bichpuri, Agra (U. P.), India
 7Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hapur U.P.) India
 8Krishi Vigyan Kendra, G.B.Nagar, (U.P.) India
9Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hastinapur, Meerut (U.P.) India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil organic carbon (SOC) and its labile fractions are strong determinants of chemical, physical, and biological properties, and soil quality. The concentration of SOC at different depths in 0–60 cm soil profile was higher under NP+FYM follow by under NP+S, compared to under CK. The SOC storage in 0–60 cm in NP+FYM, NP+S, FYM and NP treatments were increased by 41.3%, 32.9%, 28.1% and 17.9%, respectively, as compared to the CK treatment. Organic manure plus inorganic fertilizer application also increased labile soil organic carbon pools in 0–60 cm depth. The average concentration of particulate organic carbon (POC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) in organic manure plus inorganic fertilizer treatments (NP+S and NP+FYM) in 0–60 cm depth were increased by 64.9–91.9%, 42.5–56.9%, and 74.7–99.4%, respectively, over the CK treatment. After 18 yr, manure increased the OM level of the whole soil and favored formation of slaking-resistant macro-aggregates (250–1000 μm). This effect was primarily a result of the OM added by the manure. In contrast, NPK fertilizer did not affect soil OM level or macro-aggregation. The increase in OM induced by manure application was observed primarily in macro-aggregates, and both as mineral-associated and particulate OM. However, manure did not change OM located in the fraction <53 μm confirming that recently deposited OM preferentially accumulates within the aggregate structure and not in the finely or non-aggregated material. The mean soil organic carbon storage of the 0–60 cm soil layers were significantly increased with H, M, and L, by 21.40%, 20.38% and 8.21% compared with CK, respectively. Straw incorporation increased 0.25 mm water-stable macro-aggregates level, geometric mean diameter, mean weight diameter and the aggregate stability, which were ranked in order of increasing straw incorporation rates: H/M > L > CK. Therefore review study shown that most of the C in cattle manure is composed of coarse particles, we hypothesize that manure-derived OM first enters the soil primarily as particulate material, then, during decomposition, is transformed within the aggregate structure into mineral associated material thereby contributing to aggregate stabilization.


Keywords: Soil organic carbon, Light fraction carbon, Water soluble carbon, Particulate organic matter
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How to cite this article:

Singh. P. K., R. K. Naresh, U. P. Shahi, S. S.Tomar, R. B. Singh, K. G. Yadav, Mukesh Kumar, Mukesh Kumar, A. K. Mishra, Vipin Kumar Sharma and Rakesh Tiwari. 2020. Effects of Manure and Synthetic Fertilizer with Residue Returning on Soil Organic Carbon Storage; Interactions with Intra-Aggregate Pore Structure and Water Stable Aggregates in High Input Cropping System: A ReviewInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 2877-2892. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.348