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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 2764-2773
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.335


Preference of Fruit Flies, Bactrocera spp. in Relation to Size and Ripeness of Intact and Fallen Guava Fruits
S. Vignesh1* and M.Chandrasekaran2
1Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College and Research Institute
2Horticultural College and Research Institute for Women Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tiruchirappalli 620 027
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The productivity of the guava fruit is mainly ravaged by the fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. and found to be the major devastating insect pest that causes extensive damage. Fruit flies cause direct damage to fruit by oviposition punctures followed with the feeding of maggots. The greatest threat influenced by the fruit flies is the rejection of harvested fruits in markets and exporters especially in case of guava due to the presence of maggots, it leads fruit becoming unfit for marketing and consumption. To overcome this problem basic knowledge on the scientific reasons behind the preference towards the guava fruits exerted by the fruit flies to be ascertained. The ovipositional preference of the fruit flies may vary depends upon the fruit phenology viz., size, ripeness, odor and thickness of pericarp etc., Thus, the present investigation on preference of fruit flies in relation to fruit size and ripeness in guava was carried out by sampling and assessment of maggot population, pupal percentage, adult emergence and sex ratio in intact and fallen fruits. The overall sampling study revealed that the maggot population was more in large sized fruits i.e., 30 – 50 per fruit in fallen condition and 20 – 30 in intact fruits and the adult emergence was also more in the large sized fruits ( > 70%) when compared with the small and medium sized fruits. Comparing the intact and fallen fruits, the fallen fruit shows the higher population (41.67/fruit) and intact fruits shown comparatively less population (24.75/fruit). The infestation of B. caryeae was higher than the B.dorsalis and sex ratio recorded shows the male population is more in B.dorsalis whereas the male and female seems to be present in equal ratio in case of B. caryeae.


Keywords: Guava, Fruit fly, Bactrocera spp., Feeding preference, Fruit size and fruit ripeness
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How to cite this article:

Vignesh, S. and Chandrasekaran, M. 2020. Preference of Fruit Flies, Bactrocera spp. in Relation to Size and Ripeness of Intact and Fallen Guava Fruits.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 2764-2773. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.335