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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 1575-1580
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.181


A Clinico-Bacterial Profile of Pyoderma
Namratha W. Nandihal1 and G.S. Ravi2*
1Department of Microbiology, KIMS, Hubli, India
2Department of Microbiology, ESIC MC & PGIMSR, Bangalore, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Pyoderma is the most common clinical conditions encountered in dermatological practice. The institution of appropriate treatment is necessary in these common dermatoses. Detailed knowledge about the causative organisms and antibiotic susceptibility pattern should be known for successful treatment of pyoderma. The present study was conducted for a period of one year in Department of Microbiology at KIMS, Hubli. Patients presenting with pyodermas belonging to various age groups and of either sex were included in the study. A pair of swabs for culture and sensitivity was collected from the base of skin. Gram’s staining was done and the specimens were inoculated on to blood agar and Mac Conkey agar plates and incubated at 37°C for 24 hours. All the isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility testing by Kirby-Bauer disc-diffusion technique. Methicillin resistance was detected by using 1 mg oxacillin discs. Staphylococcus aureus being the most common organism isolated (67 in monomicrobial and 12 in polymicrobial) accounting for 79% followed by β hemolytic Streptococci in 11 cases, Escherichia coli in 2 cases, Klebsiella spp. in 1 case and Pseudomonas spp. in 1 case respectively. Among β hemolytic Streptococci, highest sensitivity was observed for cephalexin (90.90%) and erythromycin (81.81%). Moderate sensitivity was noticed for ampicillin (63.63%), co-trimoxazole (72.72%) and gentamicin (63.63%). Moderate resistance was observed for Tetracycline (54.54%) and penicillin (45.45%). One must consider the resistance profile of the infective agent, the antibacterial profile of the antimicrobial agent and its pharmacokinetic properties before choosing antimicrobial therapy. A combination of beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor may be a better option in community acquired infection.


Keywords: Pyoderma, Bacterial profile, Staphylococcus aureus, Antibiotic susceptibility pattern.
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How to cite this article:

Namratha W. Nandihal and Ravi, G.S. 2017. A Clinico-Bacterial Profile of Pyoderma.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 1575-1580. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.181