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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(5): 2990-2903
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.342


Role of Microbes in Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degradation in the Aquatic Environment: A Review
David Waikhom1*, Soibam Ngasotter1, Laishram Soniya Devi2, Manoharmayum Shaya Devi3 and Asem Sanjit Singh2
1College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Lembucherra, Tripura-799210, India
3ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), Barrackpore-700120, India
2ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Mumbai-400061, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The phenomenon of the oil spill in the marine ecosystem is one of the major issues which causes the introduction of petroleum hydrocarbon pollutants and leads to a significant threat to the environment. It can occur either naturally or from anthropogenic sources such as those caused by tanker accidents, refineries, drilling operations, or even storage facilities. This causes significant damage to both the habitat and the organisms living in the marine environment. Bioremediation by oil-degrading microorganisms is a viable option to metabolize and remove these harmful pollutants from the polluted site. Oil degrading microorganisms are ubiquitously distributed in the environment and naturally biodegrade petroleum hydrocarbon. This review highlights the mechanism of microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons by enzyme catalytic activities of microorganisms to increase the rate of petroleum hydrocarbon degradation. It also highlights the factors that affect the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons by the microorganisms.


Keywords: Enzymes, Microbial degradation, Oil spill, Petroleum hydrocarbon
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How to cite this article:

David Waikhom, Soibam Ngasotter, Laishram Soniya Devi, Manoharmayum Shaya Devi and Asem Sanjit Singh. 2020. Role of Microbes in Petroleum Hydrocarbon Degradation in the Aquatic Environment: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(5): 2990-2903. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.342