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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(5): 2361-2371
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.269


Review on Backyard Poultry Farming: Resource Utilization for Better Livelihood of the Rural Population
Shashi Pal1, Bhanu Prakash2*, Anil Kumar2 and Yashwant Singh1
1KrishiVigyan Kendra, SAS Nagar, Mohali, Guru AngadDev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2KrishiVigyan Kendra, Tarn Taran, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Backyard poultry production system is the most popular poultry farming practice in rural part of India. Backyard poultry production contributes about 15 percent of total poultry output today in India. In the village, backyard poultry production is mostly based on traditional local breeds, producing both chicken meat and eggs. The laying potential of indigenous birds in terms of egg production is quite poor which ranges from 80 to 100 eggs/ bird/ year and their body weight gain is also very low. A simple backyard production requires an enclosed area which is having a few hens and a cock. Birds feed by scavenging or are provided with household scraps and crop by-products. In the recent past, improved backyard varieties (like Vanaraja, Gramapriya, Srinidhi, Giriraja, IBL80, Chabro, etc.) developed mostly by public sector and a few by private sector (like Kuroiler, Rainbow rooster) are substantially contributing to the total egg and chicken meat production in rural areas of the country. Backyard poultry manure can be used directly as fertilizer and preparation of vermicompost that can further used as fertilizer in kitchen gardening. Vermicompost can also be sold for income generation. Backyard poultry production can make a useful contribution to achieve nutritional security among rural masses and subsidiary source of income for poor households or weaker section of society.


Keywords: Backyard poultry, Native poultry breeds, Meat, Egg and vermicompost
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How to cite this article:

Shashi Pal, Bhanu Prakash, Anil Kumar and Yashwant Singh. 2020. Review on Backyard Poultry Farming: Resource Utilization for Better Livelihood of the Rural Population.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(5): 2361-2371. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.269