Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(5): 1564-1576
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.177


Suitability of Groundwater Quality for Irrigation Purpose using Geographical Information System: A Case Study of Durg Block Chhattisgarh
Lov Kumar Gupta1*, Kapil Verma2 and Shruti Verma2
1Soil and Water Engineering, 2Farm Machinery and Power Engineering,Masturi, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh-495551, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An attempt has been made to understand the ground water quality and its suitability for irrigation purpose through Geographical Information System. The qualities of groundwater in 646.8 km2 area of Durg block were assessed for its suitability for irrigation purposes. Groundwater samples data are analyzed for ionic concentration of C032, HC03-, CI-, S042-, Ca2, Mg2+,Na++and K+. Parameters such as electrical conductivity (EC), sodium absorption ratio (SAR), % Na and residual sodium carbonate (RSC) were evaluated. Thematic maps of different parameters were prepared and Samples were plotted on US Salinity Diagram and H. Wilcox’s Diagram for better understanding of suitability of groundwater for irrigation purpose. The EC values of water samples were found to be within good to permissible limits. The lowest EC in groundwater samples was observed in Bhilai (554 µS/cm)and the highest in Durg (1593 µS/cm). The output of SAR shows 100 percent of the samples fall under excellent to good category. The irrigational water quality was classified based on US salinity diagram indicating that in 4 samples fall under low to moderate saline and 6 samples fall under low to medium high salinity. The Wilcox diagram shows 4 samples fall under excellent to good category and 6 samples fall under good to permissible category. Samples were analyzed for water quality parameters like % Na, PI, RSC and KI and suitability of groundwater samples for irrigation is good to permissible in almost all cases. Contour maps of pH, EC, SAR, % Na and RSC were plotted to study spatial variability of these parameters in the block which is helpful to assess the irrigational water quality of study area.


Keywords: Electrical Conductivity, Residual Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Ratio,Kelly’s Index,Permeability Index
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Lov Kumar Gupta, Kapil Verma and Shruti Verma. 2020. Suitability of Groundwater Quality for Irrigation Purpose using Geographical Information System: A Case Study of Durg Block Chhattisgarh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(5): 1564-1576. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.177