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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(5): 1322-1326
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.147


Processing of Makhana and Value Chain Financing in Bihar
Ravi Atal1*, Shridhar Patil1, Subodh Kumar1, Suman Lata2 and Sonam Roy1
1Department of Extension Education, Bihar Agricultural University,
Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar-813210, India
2Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar-813210, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study was conducted to analyse the status of Makhana processing and its value chain financing in Bihar. Findings of the study revealed that almost 100 per cent of Makhana is processed manually and the adoption of Makhana processing machines was totally absent. The net profit earned by processing of each quintal of raw Makhana seeds is very less in comparison to the share in consumers’ price.Contrary to the Makhana production; the women participation in Makhana processing was much significant. Women execute 74.45 per cent of roasting activity and 62.36 per cent of grading activity. Here child labour also contributed 21.54 and 13.08 per cent in grading and first roasting, respectively. In case of Makhana processing, the major constraints were lack of affordable and efficient processing machines dependence on private money lenders with high interest rates for procurement of raw material. Analysis of Makhana value chain financing practice revealed that private money lenders were major financers of value chain who financed 85 per cent of makhana processors. Based on this study, value chain financing to the Makhana processors can be characterized by small loan amounts (average loan size of Rs 257083 to 268333), high interest rates (ranging between 40 to 45 % per annum) and one time payments.


Keywords: Makhana, Financing, Processing
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How to cite this article:

Ravi Atal, Shridhar Patil, Subodh Kumar, Suman Lata and Sonam Roy. 2020. Processing of Makhana and Value Chain Financing in Bihar.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(5): 1322-1326. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.147