Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 3187-3200
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.371


Pandemic Novel Coronavirus Outbreak-19: Basic Information and Important Preventive Measures
Malik Asif1, Shazia Lone2, Mushtaq A.Malik1, Zaffar Mahdi Dar1, Amjad Masood3, Aamir H. Mir4, Misbah Ajaz1, Saima Shafi1, Bisma Rashid1 and Asifa Yousuf Wani1
1Division of Basic Sciences & Humanities, Faculty of Agriculture-Wadura, India 2Department of Environmental Sciences, Govt. Degree College (Boys)-Kupwara, India em>3Division of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture-Wadura-Sopore, India 4Division of Soil Sci. & Agri. Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture-Wadura, India 5Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a highly transmittable and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which emerged in Wuhan, China and spread around the world. The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; previously named 2019 novel coronavirus or 2019-nCoV) disease (COVID-19) in China at the end of 2019 has caused a large global outbreak and is a major public health issue. As of 25 March 2020, data from the World Health Organization (WHO) have shown that more than 21191 and 472000 deaths and confirmed cases respectively have been identified in 46 countries/regions, with >99% of cases being detected in China, Italy and Spain. The WHO declared COVID-19 as the 6th public health emergency of international concern. The intermediate source of origin and transfer to humans is not known, however, the rapid human to human transfer has been confirmed widely. There is no clinically approved antiviral drug or vaccine available to be used against COVID-19. However, few broad-spectrum antiviral drugs have been evaluated against COVID-19 in clinical trials, resulted in clinical recovery. SARS-CoV-2 is closely related to two bat-derived severe acute respiratory syndrome-like coronaviruses bat-SL-CoVZC45 and bat-SL-CoVZXC21. It spreads by human -human transmission via droplets and direct contact and infection has been estimated to have mean incubation period of 6.4 days and a basic reproduction number of 2.24–3.58. Among patients with pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2, bilateral lung involvement with ground glass opacity was the most common finding from computed topography images of the chest. Public health authorities should keep monitoring the situation very closely. In the current review, we summarize and analyze the epidemiological behaviour and forecasting, symptoms and distribution of the disease outbreak. We also discuss various preventive measures for information of general public across the globe to cope with this viral outbreak.


Keywords: Coronavirus, Outbreak, Damage, Distribution, Preventive measures
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Malik Asif, Shazia Lone, Mushtaq A.Malik, Zaffar Mahdi Dar, Amjad Masood, Aamir H. Mir, Misbah Ajaz, Saima Shafi, Bisma Rashid and Asifa Yousuf Wani. 2020. Pandemic Novel Coronavirus Outbreak-19: Basic Information and Important Preventive Measures.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 3187-3200. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.371