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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 3001-3005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.351


Changes in Physiological Parameters of Bullocks during Agricultural Field Operations and their Field Efficiency in Mountain Agriculture
Archana Bhatt, B. S. Meena and C. G. Shashank
National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Uttarakhand is one of the hill states of India that lies in the Central Himalayan region wherein agriculture & livestock form the basis of subsistent livelihood for the population. Livestock is an integral part of mountain agriculture; moreover, bullocks are considered as the lifeline of farming in the hilly terrain as they prepare the field for carrying various agricultural activities. Therefore, a study was done to measure the field performance of bullocks in terms of field efficiency, work hours/day and work rate/ha and data was taken from 40 pairs of bullocks at the time of ploughing. Apart from that, data was taken through manual measurement on respiration rate, pulse rate and rectal temperature before and after one hour of ploughing. Animal body weight was also measured manually and Temperature Humidity Index (THI) was also taken of the area with the help of hygrometer and concerned formula. Body weight of the bullocks came up to be 176.95±1.848 (kg) and THI came at an average of 66.23±0.742. The before and after values after one hour of field work came from 37.91±0.039 to 38.67±0.035; 22.72±0.202 to 34.28±0.26 and 57.12±0.347 to 76.9±0.361 for rectal temperature, respiration rate and pulse rate respectively. Average productive work hours/day, total work hours/day, speed (km/hr) and work rate (ha/hr) were found to be 5.35±0.093, 6.19±0.103, 1.88±0.029 and 0.022±0.0009 respectively. Field efficiency of the bullocks was found to be 86.5±0.573 percent.


Keywords: Bullocks, Field efficiency, Mountain agriculture, Field performance, Physiological parameters
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How to cite this article:

Archana Bhatt, B. S. Meena and Shashank, C. G. 2020. Changes in Physiological Parameters of Bullocks during Agricultural Field Operations and their Field Efficiency in Mountain Agriculture.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 3001-3005. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.351