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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 2867-2881
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.336


Socio-Economic and Environment Benefits of Soil and Water Conservation Technologies in India: A Critical Review
Dinesh Chand Meena1, C. A. Rama Rao3, B. L. Dhyani2, Pradeep Dogra2, Josily Samuel3, Ravi Dupdal3, S. K. Dubeyand P. K. Mishra2
1Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Agra (India)-282006
2Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun (India)-248195
3Central Research Institute for Dry land Agriculture, Hyderabad (India) -500059
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Land degradation has been identified as one of the most serious problems that threaten the sustainability of agriculture. In an effort to address these problems, Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) measures are considered key to addressing the problems of low agricultural productivity and soil degradation in India as well as world. Impact assessment has gained more attention due to the increased need to demonstrate the outcomes of any NRM interventions, development projects and programs. In this study, impacts of SWC measures have been reviewed in India in order to evaluate the bio-physical, socio-economic and environmental impacts of SWC measures to comprehend the effectiveness of these measures. The results of impact of SWC measures showed that these measures conserved soil and water and also helped in enhancing water use efficiency, reduction in soil erosion and nutrient loss, maintenance of soil temperature, soil structure, soil fertility and soil biological regime, maintain surface, sub-surface and groundwater level. The changes in soil and water quality, as affected by SWC measures, need to be monitored and assessed on a continuing basis as the outcome of such research works offers valuable opportunity for the implementation of correct SWC measures, as and when needed. We concluded that efforts to promote SWC measures will have to be tailored to reflect the particular conditions of individual locales.


Keywords: SWC measures, Sustainability, Land degradation, Soil and water erosion, Ecosystem
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How to cite this article:

Dinesh Chand Meena, C. A. Rama Rao, B. L. Dhyani, Pradeep Dogra, Josily Samuel, Ravi Dupdal, S. K. Dubey and Mishra, P. K. 2020. Socio-Economic and Environment Benefits of Soil and Water Conservation Technologies in India: A Critical Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 2867-2881. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.336