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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 2532-2538
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.303


Hot Pepper – History- Health and Dietary Benefits & Production
Nagaraju Madala* and Manoj Kumar Nutakki
Dept. of genetics and plant breeding, SHUATS, Prayagaraj (U.P), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hot pepper (chillies) is known from prehistoric time in Peru. They are believed to have originated in the tropical America. It is also said that chillies have originated in the Latin American region of the Mexico and Guatemala as a wild crop around 7500 B.C. as per the remains of the pre-historic Peru. The people native to these places domesticated this crop in and around 3000 B.C evidenced by remains found in pottery from Puebla and Oaxaca. chilli is said to be the first ever domesticated crop from any damage from birds. Columbus carried chilli seed to Spain in 1493. The cultivation of chilli spread rapidly from Spain to Europe. Chillies became popular in the whole of Asia rapidly and native Asians started cultivation this crop as well. The south Asian climate suited this crop and since its introduction in the 16th Century has been increasingly cultivated in south Asia. Chillies are the cheapest spices available in India and are eaten cross all groups of people. The most important chilli growing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, which together constitute nearly 75% of the total area. Andhra Pradesh tops the list in dry chilli production followed by Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Orissa and Karnataka. Chilli production major countries in India 38% & China 7%. Chillies are rich in vitamins A and C. they are also packed with potassium, magnesium and iron. They more scientifically recognized application in the treatment of asthma, arthritis, blood clots, cluster, headaches, postherpetic neuralgia and burns.


Keywords: Hot pepper, Production, Vitamins, Chillies
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How to cite this article:

Nagaraju Madala and Manoj Kumar Nutakki. 2020. Hot Pepper – History- Health and Dietary Benefits & Production.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 2532-2538. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.303