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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 2285-2291
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.273


Antagonistic Activity of Plant Growth Promoting Fluorescent Pseudomonas Spp. against Major Fungal Pathogens Involved in Replant Problem of Apple
Neha Kaushal* and Mohinder Kaur
Microbiology Research Laboratory, Department of Basic Sciences, Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni (Solan) Himachal Pradesh-173230, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Replant disease is a major problem of apple orchards, which is a main cash crop in Trans-Himalayan region. The cause of this replant problem includes both biotic and abiotic factors, such as low nutrients, phytotoxins, actinomycetes, fungal complexes and nematodes. Fungi and oomycetes belonging to the well-known root rot complex are important factor of replant problems in apple. Application of plant growth promoting fluorescent Pseudomonas with antagonistic potential at replant site is one of the promising methods being a major component of rhizobacteria, promotes the plant growth and also act as biocontrol agents against fungal plant pathogens. In the present study, 14 fluorescent Pseudomonas isolates were screened out for in-vitro antagonistic activity by well plate assay method against five major fungal pathogens of apple replant problem viz., Dematophora necatrics, Phytophthora cactorum, Pythium ultimum, Fusarium oxysporum and Rhizoctonia solani. Out of these 14 fluorescent Pseudomonas isolates, maximum % inhibition was shown by Pseudomonas strain K (48.38 %) against D. necatrics, An-5-Jub (34.09 %) against F. oxysporum, isolate I (31.57 %) against P. cactorum, Ps-1-Sin (35 %) against P. ultimum and isolate J (28 %) against R. solani. These fluorescent Pseudomonas isolates with strong antagonistic potential against different fungal pathogens of replant problem not only reduce the replant problem by suppressing pathogens and improving plant growth through multifarious plant growth promoting activities but also helps in the maintenance of soil health by reducing indiscriminate use of chemicals and therefore can be helpful in solving the replant problem of apple.


Keywords: Apple replant problem, PGPR, Fluorescent Pseudomonas, Fungal pathogen, Biocontrol, Antifungal activity
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How to cite this article:

Neha Kaushal and Mohinder Kaur. 2020. Antagonistic Activity of Plant Growth Promoting Fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. against Major Fungal Pathogens Involved in Replant Problem of Apple.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 2285-2291. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.273