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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 1421-1433
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.169


Combatment of Aquatic Pollution through Biofilm Technique: A Review
Rashmi Prabha Mishra1, Chandra Kanta Mishra2,Navin Kumar3 and Sudhir Kumar Das4
1(Fishery Sc.), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Angul, Odisha, India
2Regional Research Centre, CIFA, Anand, Gujarat, India
3Agriculture Coordinator, District agriculture office, Samastipur, India
4Department of Fisheries Resource Management, WBUAFS, Kolkata, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Aquatic pollution occurs due to the discharge of harmful substances, chemicals or microorganisms into water bodies i.e. a stream, river, lake, ocean, aquifer, or other body of water resulting in contamination & degradation of water quality and rendering it unsuitable for human use or the environment. Many advanced water treatment techniques are followed before discharging this polluted water into the surrounding environment. However some limitations is there. In this context, Biofilms have become the important part of biological treatment of municipal waste water. Biofilm reactors are units where biofilm rich sludge are used in treatment of wastewater through many biological processes. Among all treatment methods Biofilm based bioreactors are considered as best available technologies for waste water treatment. Biofilms are complex structured porous and most tolerant communities of the aquatic ecosystem that includes environmentally efficient strains of algae, fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes and viruses. These microbial isolates have been extensively studied for assimilation, bio-sorption and biodegradation of almost all sorts of organic and inorganic pollutants in aquatic ecosystems. Further research is needed to bio-stimulate the promising strains of biofilms for pollution treatment. Considering the increased pollution stress, its negative impact on aquatic life and potential of aquatic biofilms to be used as indicators of pollution for controlling this pollution is reviewed in this study.


Keywords: Combatment, Aquatic pollution, Biofilm technique
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How to cite this article:

Rashmi Prabha Mishra, Chandra Kanta Mishra, Navin Kumar and Sudhir Kumar Das. 2020. Combatment of Aquatic Pollution through Biofilm Technique: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 1421-1433. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.169