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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 1908-1913
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.226


The “FAMACHA” Chart - An Alternate to Manage Haemonchosis in Small Ruminants – A Review Article
V. Prashanth1*, H. J. Kiran2, Ram Kumar Rupner1, Shivanagouda Patiland V. S. Prakash2
1ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Veterinary College, Shivamogga – Karnataka, India
3College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar - Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Development of anthelmintic resistance has made it essential to develop alternative ways of worm control in animals. One of the most promising approaches is to treat only those animals which require attention in terms of worm management. “FAMACHA” method has facilitated quick identification of Haemaonchus contortus infected sheep and goats without the aid of any laboratory procedures and delivers the treatment only to those who require it. The visible signs of anaemia have been exploited as a simple and rapid diagnostic indicator through the development of the “FAMACHA” system, which involves the assessment of the colour of the conjunctival mucous membranes. The “FAMACHA” system was specifically developed to identify the animals on an individual basis which require treatment, to reduce anthelmintic resistance imposed by the usual and frequent treatment of all animals in the group. The “FAMACHA” chart assigns a number from 1 to 5 to each level of colour in the eyelid. The range of colours used in the “FAMACHA” system goes from Red to reddish pink, to pink, to pinkish-white, to white. The numbers 1 to 5 are assigned to each of these values. The “FAMACHA” system can be a valuable tool in helping to delay resistance issues in sheep and goat herds.


Keywords: Haemaonchus contortus, Anaemia, FAMACHA, Anthelmintic resistance
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How to cite this article:

Prashanth, V., H. J. Kiran, Ram Kumar Rupner, Shivanagouda Patil and Prakash, V. S. 2020. The “FAMACHA” Chart - An Alternate to Manage Haemonchosis in Small Ruminants – A Review Article.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 1908-1913. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.226