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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 1827-1840
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.214


Status of Litchi Cultivation in India
Ramesh Kumar Sahni1, Sweeti Kumari1*, Manish Kumar1, Manoj Kumar1 and Amrendra Kumar2
1ICAR-Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal, MP, (462 038), India
2ICAR-National Research Centre on Litchi, Muzzafarpur, Bihar (842 002), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Litchi is a popular subtropical fruit crop in India. It is the most delicious, juicy and nutritious fruit and mostly grown in Eastern India. Litchi cultivation is a source of livelihood security for a large population in litchi growing states as it provides both on-farm and off-farm employment. The world scenario of litchi cultivation reveals that India is the second-largest producer of litchi after China with a total acreage over 93,300 ha and a yearly output of over 568,200 t in 2016-17. However, with a productivity level of just 6.1 t ha-1, India lags behind several other litchi exporting countries. Litchi has particular climate and soil requirements, thus limiting its cultivation to a few states. Bihar is the leading litchi producing state followed by West Bengal, Jharkhand Assam and Chhattisgarh. Litchi varieties cultivated in India are highly diverse due to different climate and soil conditions. Major varieties are Shahi, China, Elaichi, Rose Scented, Bedana and Bombai. Litchi cultivation provides food, nutrition, employment opportunity, generate income, improve the socio-economic condition and poverty alleviation in rural areas of the different states of India. This paper discusses trends of litchi cultivation in major litchi growing states, commercially grown cultivars, their marketing and export potential in India.


Keywords: Litchi, Litchi cultivation, Major variety, Export, India
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How to cite this article:

Ramesh Kumar Sahni, Sweeti Kumari, Manish Kumar, Manoj Kumar and Amrendra Kumar. 2020. Status of Litchi Cultivation in India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 1827-1840. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.214