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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 618-630
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.072


Status of Medicinal Plants Diversity and Distribution at Rehabilitated Yamuna and Chambal Ravine land Ecosystems in India
Kala1*, H.R. Meena2, I. Rashmi3, M. Prabavathi4, A.K. Singh5 and R.K. Singh6
1Scientist (Forestry), ICAR-IISWC-Research Centre, Kota-324 002, Rajasthan, India
2Scientist (Horticulture), ICAR-IISWC-Research Centre, Kota-324 002, Rajasthan, India
3Scientist (Soils), ICAR-IISWC-Research Centre, Kota-324 002, Rajasthan, India
4Scientist (soils), ICAR-IISWC-Research Centre, Bellary-583101, Karnataka, India
5Principal Scientist (SWC Engg), ICAR-IISWC-Research Centre, Agra-282002, >Uttar Pradesh, India
6Principal Scientist (Soils), ICAR-IISWC-Research Centre, Kota-324 002, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Ravine ecosystems are highly dynamic and completely deformatted terrain landscape. In these regions, Indigenous plant species are playing significant role in environmental rehabilitation because of their exultant survival and high adaptation to local conditions. Despite this, very little information’s available about existence of medicinal plants on the typical ravine flora. The present study attempted to explore the diversity and distribution of medicinal plant flora in the Yamuna ravines of Agra (U.P) and Chambal ravines of Kota district (Rajasthan). An account of 63 species belongs to 37 families were observed in the rehabilitated ravine areas at Agra. The documented plants were categorized according to their life form viz., trees (34.92%), shrubs (26.98%), herbs (23.8%), climbers (11.15%) and grasses (3.18%) were found in the representative blocks. The present study reveals that the distributions of species were mainly belong to the families of Euphorbiaceae, Apocynaceae, Solanaceae and Caesalpiniaceae. At Chambal ravines, 106 species observed and it represents 54 families of plant kingdom with dominant families of Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Solanaceae and Amaranthaceae. Documented plants were categorized according to their life form viz., herbs (42.5%), trees (23.6%), shrubs (21.6%), climbers (10.4%) and grasses (2%) were found in the representative blocks. It directly indicates rich plant biodiversity of Chambal ravines over Yamuna ravines. The documented indigenous plant species naturally have high drought tolerance capacity and ability to grow under harsh environment. The maximum revival of native flora in these rehabilitated ravines through rehabilitation, protection and other soil conservation measures. Urgent attention towards documentation, conservation, sustainable utilization and awareness creation are needed to protect indigenous medicinal flora by appropriate in-situ and ex-situ conservation measures.


Keywords: Ravines,Diversity, Rehabilitation, In-situ, Ex-situ Conservation.
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How to cite this article:

Kala, S., H.R. Meena, I. Rashmi, M. Prabavathi, A.K. Singh and Singh, R.K. 2017. Status of Medicinal Plants Diversity and Distribution at Rehabilitated Yamuna and Chambal Ravine land Ecosystems in India.

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 618-630. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.072