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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 609-617
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.071


Effect of Different Mulching on Weed Intensity, Yield and Economics in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.)
V.A. Sathiyamurthy, V. Rajashree, T. Shanmugasundaram* and T. Arumugam
Department of Vegetable Crops, HC & RI, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University,Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The use of organic and inorganic mulch as a soil cover is effective in improving growth and yield of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). A field experiment was carried out at College Orchard, Department of Vegetable Crops, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2013 to 2016 to study the effect of different types of mulches viz., organic mulch @ 6.0 t/ha, organic mulch @ 9.0 t/ha, organic mulch @ 12.0 t/ha, black / silver polythene (double coated 30 micron), black / white polythene (double coated 30 micron) with a control on growth and yield of chilli. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with six treatments and replicated four times. The results revealed that organic mulch @ 12.0 t/ha (T4) recorded the highest plant height (88.17 cm), number of fruits/plant (217.27) with an average fruit weight of 4.67 g, fruit length (8.66 cm), fruit girth (1.96 cm), green fruit yield (0.939 kg/plant and 325.93 q/ha), dry fruit yield (0.226 kg/plant and 75.98 q/ha) followed by black/white polythene double coated 30 micron (T6) which recorded 210.20 number of fruits/plant with an average fruit weight of 4.61 g and low weed density (13.23/m2) at 75 days after planting with high cost benefit ratio (2.80). Therefore, mulching (organic as well as black/white polythene (double coated 30 micron) appears to be a viable tool to increase the chilli production and recommended for cultivation.


Keywords: Chilli, mulching, organic, polythene, weed density, yield, cost benefit ratio
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How to cite this article:

Sathiyamurthy, V.A., V. Rajashree, T. Shanmugasundaram and Arumugam, T. 2017. Effect of Different Mulching on Weed Intensity, Yield and Economics in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 609-617. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.071