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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 2922-2932
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.336


Importance of Crop Wild Relatives in Climate Resilience
B. Keerthiraj1*, Anju M. Job2, K. S. Shankarprasad3, G. S. Sathisha4, SadanandKumbar5 and C. M. Karthik6
1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, UAHS, Shivamogga-577204, India
2Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, College of Horticulture, KAU, Thrissur-680656, India
3Department of Plantation Crops and Spices, College of Horticulture, UHS, Bagalkot-560065, India
4Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, UAHS, Shivamogga-577204, India
5Department of Vegetable science, OUAT, Odisha -751003, India
6Department of Agricultural Entomology, College of Agriculture,
UAHS, Shivamogga-577204, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Inferable from the impressive populace of wild relatives and forebears, the hereditary base of harvests was peaceful wide before taming. Through the span of time, hereditarily uniform improved assortments supplanted the profoundly differing nearby cultivars and landraces. These high yielding assortments have restricted inconstancy to battle the impact of biotic and abiotic stresses not at all like the Crop Wild Relative (CWR), which is an enormous store of agronomically critical characteristics. The usage of qualities from wild hereditary assets (CWR) for harvest improvement is entrenched with essential models going back over a century. In this paper, the data on the significance and use of wild qualities for expanding efficiency, biotic and abiotic stress opposition in major developed harvests is audited. Be that as it may, to use the CWR, surveying the decent variety, recognizing of characteristic of enthusiasm, expanding assorted variety of the distinguished quality and increase the hereditary assets. The usage of wild qualities was restricted to same species because of monotonous methodology in between intersection of species from various quality pools. In any case, with advances in sub-atomic techniques for overseeing backcrossing, bridge crossing, physical hybridization and transgenic approaches there was a spurt in use of wild relatives. Still there might be number of qualities, which are not recognized, can contribute in building up maintainable farming creation. CWR is additionally one among the assets which might not have completely investigated for their agriculturally vital qualities and those qualities will be lost with eradication of CWR. Along these lines, there is an earnest need with CWR recognizable proof as well as in their increase, insurance and their use, which will contribute enormously for guaranteeing nourishment security through adequate generation and accomplishing manageability in agribusiness.


Keywords: Crop wild relatives. Wild genetic resources. Importance of wild relatives. Crop improvement
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How to cite this article:

Keerthiraj. B., Anju M. Job, K. S. Shankarprasad, G. S. Sathisha, SadanandKumbar and Karthik. C. M. 2020. Importance of Crop Wild Relatives in Climate Resilience.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 2922-2932. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.336