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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 510-516
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.059


Assessment of Fungal Pathogens Associated with Spoilage of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Fruits
M.B. Jidda* and M.M. Muhammad
Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri,Borno State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) fruit is cultivated for its nutritional and medicinal values. It is however, lost due to deterioration resulting from fungal pathogens. This research was undertaken to characterize the pathogens associated with fruit rot of cucumber collected from four retail outlets located in different parts of Maiduguri Metropolis. Assessment of the diseased cucumber fruits from the locations showed that Gamboru vegetable market was the most heavily infested location with all the fungal isolates. Aspergillus spp. constituted the highest (48%) of fungal isolates from all the locations. Isolations from diseased cucumber fruits recorded Zygosaccharomyces bailii (Isolation frequency = 22.0%), A. niger (18.4%), Saccharomyces cerevisiae (15.3%), A. flavus (14.8%), S. resus (12.7%), A. ustus (11.0%), A. wentii (3.1%) and A. oryzae (3.0%). All the fungal isolates were found to be pathogenic on cucumber fruits, with A. ustus being the most destructive, followed by S. resus and Z. bailii and least pathogenic was A. niger. Rot occurring on shelf reduces shelf life and market value and altogether renders fruits unfit for human consumption. Careful handling of the fruits and regularly checking to remove all spoiled fruits will ensure longer shelf life and prevent spread of these rot pathogens.


Keywords: Cucumber, Maiduguri, Aspergillus, Yeasts, Saccharomyces, Zygosaccharomyces
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How to cite this article:

Jidda, M.B. and Muhammad, M.M. 2017. Assessment of Fungal Pathogens Associated with Spoilage of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Fruits.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 510-516. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.059