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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 376-386
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.043


Protein, Micronutrient, Antioxidant Potential and Phytate Content of Pearl Millet Hybrids and Composites Adopted for Cultivation by Farmers of Haryana, India
M.K. Berwal1*, L.K. Chugh2, Preeti Goyal3, Ramesh Kumar2 and Dev Vart2
1ICAR-Central Institute for Arid Horticulture, Bikaner, India
2Bajra Section, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CCS HAU Hisar, India
3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, CCS HAU Hisar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Protein, micronutrient, antioxidant potential, polyphenols and phytate content of popular hybrids and composites of pearl millet has been estimated for two consecutive seasons. Crude protein content of pearl millet hybrids and composites analyzed varied from 9.49 to 13.09 and 9.05 to 14.73 %, Fe content from 39 to 66 and 22 to 75 mg/kg, Zn content from 32 to 49 and 21 to 56 mg/kg, polyphenols from 210 to 297 mg/100 g and 221 to 345 mg/100 g, and phytate content from 4.74 to 6.29 and 5.54 to 6.67 mg/g during kharif-2013 and kharif-2014, respectively. Similarly total antioxidant activity of these genotypes ranged from 732 to 1231 and 884 to 1189 μg vitamin C equi./g as DPPH scavenging capacity and 3592 to 4884 μg trolox equi./g as ABTS+ scavenging capacity. Tested nutritional characters of these hybrids/composites were not affected to an appreciable extent by the growing season. TAA of all the tested genotypes was higher than that of commercial samples of wheat (550 μg vitamin C equi./g) and maize (680μg vitamin C equi./g). The widely adopted and most popular short duration hybrid HHB 67 imp possessing high protein (12.39%) and moderate Fe (60mg/kg) contents and dual purpose composite variety HC 10 with high contents of protein (12.36 %) as well as Fe (71mg/kg) are well suited for nutritional security of part of the population of Haryana and neighboring states consuming pearl millet as staple food.


Keywords: Pearl millet, Crude protein, Total antioxidant activity, Micronutrient, Phytate.
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How to cite this article:

Berwal, M.K., L.K. Chugh, Preeti Goyal, Ramesh Kumar and Dev Vart. 2017. Protein, Micronutrient, Antioxidant Potential and Phytate Content of Pearl Millet Hybrids and Composites Adopted for Cultivation by Farmers of Haryana.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 376-386. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.043