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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 429-438
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.050


A Case Study of Traditional and Improved Tools for Cleaning and Grading of Grains by Farm Women
Reeta Mishra* and S.P. Singh
RVSKVV- Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Morena (M.P.), India,
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Rural Indian women are extensively involved in agricultural activities. Grain cleaning and grading for women in rural area is a big problem because they use traditional sieve for cleaning and grading manually in sitting posture. This posture increases the fatigue and drudgery of farm women while cleaning and grading which results in aches and pains in the back and cervical region. This is time consuming method and output realized is less. Hence there is a need to study the SWOT analysis of improved tools for cleaning and grading of grains with disseminated approach and their impact on farm women. To ensure better health and safety, to improve work efficiency and to reduce the drudgery of farm women during cleaning and grading of grains, the study was undertaken with the objectives to create awareness among rural farm women about the drudgery involved in the work with the reasons; introduction and dissemination of improved tools like double screen grain cleaner and spiral grader for farm women for cleaning and grading of grains; to assess the comparative ergonomics of cleaning and grading performance with traditional and improved methods; to assess the percentage reduction of ergonomic cost of work and feedback from the farm women on the reduced drudgery. Results of the study showed that double screen grain cleaner and spiral grader improved the work posture, therefore reduced aches and pains in the back and cervical region of women in cleaning and grading of grains and enhanced the work efficiency and health of farm women. The farm women could clean and grade grains 184.32 kg/hour and 166.19 kg/hour using improved tools – spiral grader and double screen grain cleaner as compared to the farm women who took one hour in cleaning and grading of 23.62 kg of grains by traditional method. There was saving in cardiac cost of farm women per unit of output for cleaning and grading of grains using improved tools as compared to the continuous sitting position while cleaning and grading of grains traditionally. Women feel comfortable and 41% adoption shows increase not only in efficiency but in terms of money also by reducing aches and pains in the back and cervical region with increased output.


Keywords: Farm women, drudgery, double screen grain cleaner, output
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How to cite this article:

Reeta Mishra and Singh. S.P. 2020. A Case Study of Traditional and Improved Tools for Cleaning and Grading of Grains by Farm Women.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 429-438. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.050