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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(2): 2812-2822
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.320


Effect of social interaction in development of cognitive abilities of dairy animals- A Review
Komal1, Sweety2, Veenesh Rajpoot3 and Man Singh1*
1Department of Livestock Production Management, LUVAS, Hisar, India
2Department of Veterinary Physiology & Biochemistry, LUVAS, Hisar, India
3Livestock Production Management, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Standard practice in the dairy industry is to separate the calf and dam immediately after birth and raise calves in individual pens during the milk-feeding period. But this practice is disputed because of animal welfare concerns. The weaned calves are often offered colostrums/milk in buckets, teat bucket or bottles which does not always satisfy the calf’s motivation to suckle. Social isolation early in life impair cognition aspects. Cognition is the mental process of knowing through perception or reasoning. Negative effects of social deprivation early in life also have been shown in adulthood, which include impaired maternal care, increased aggression, and impaired social recognition. Social deprivation can influence neural development and brain function as well as behavior. Dairy cattle, are often exposed to novel events, such as changes in diet, changes in pen location, regrouping with new social partners, and new milking procedures. Therefore cognitive abilities e.g. learning and retention abilities by animals makes it easier to train the animals to use new devices and reallocation of preferred areas to rest, recognition of stock people by dairy animals helps in decrease of animal’s fear of stock people, greater ease of handling and less negative interference in the production. Cattle are naturally social and show signs of fear and distress when separated from their companions. Individually housed calves exhibit more non-nutritive behavior than do paired or group-housed calves are slower to start feeding when introduced into a new pen and therefore gain less weight in the days after grouping. So, social experience early in life of calf can have profound effects on affective and cognitive development, ultimately affecting calf welfare and growth as well as calf responses to novel events.


Keywords: Calves, cognition, interaction, social, weaned
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How to cite this article:

Komal, Sweety, Veenesh Rajpoot and Man Singh. 2020. Effect of social interaction in development of cognitive abilities of dairy animals- A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(2): 2812-2822. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.320