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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(2): 1948-1959
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.222


Maize Genetic Diversity: Utilization of Molecular Markers in Genetic Diversity
Anand Kumar1* and Vivudh Pratap Singh2
1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh), 208002
2Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut
(Uttar Pradesh), 250004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Maize is one of thecereals grown under world wide area. Global ranking of maize is having third rank in among cereals. It’s main utilization as a form of food and fodder in all over world. Maize consumed by the human and it has income source of majority overwhelming population. It is also used by the industrial product such as corn starch and other things. Maize having good properties for food calorie 30-60 % and dietary protein, that is very easy digestible for human. cultivated maize is developed from the teosinte maize, teosinte maize having good resietance for biotic and abiotic factor, but new cultivated species has been deteriorate due to modernization of cultivation. So to maintain the genetic diversity in maize, need some necessary work.Genetic diversity is the total variability present in individual or organism/population. Due to continuous use of maize variety in field and enhance the modern technology has deteriorated potential of genetic diversity.So to conserve this diversity in nature, need to study on population or inbreds (Dubreuil and Charcosset 1999).Genetic diversity such as morphological, biochemical and other molecular characterizations are available (Govindaraj et al., 2015). Morphological and biochemical method has been extensively used (Franco et al., 2001), but these methods are highly sensitive to environmental (Smith and Smith 1992; Beyenne et al., 2006). Molecular marker has scattered all over population to know about relationship among variety or genetic diversity. Molecular marker has been only based on DNA technology such as SSR, SNPs, RAPD and AFLP etc.


Keywords: Maize, Genetic diversity and molecular marker
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How to cite this article:

Anand Kumar and Vivudh Pratap Singh. 2020. Maize Genetic Diversity: Utilization of Molecular Markers in Genetic Diversity.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(2): 1948-1959. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.222