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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(2): 1842-1848
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.210


Effect of Varietal Replacement Demonstration on the Yield and Economics of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) cv. Rajendra Sonia in Bhagalpur District of Bihar, India
Kamal Kant1, Ghanshyam2, S. K. Gupta3, S. K. Pathak4, A. B. Patel3, Sanoj Kumar5, Amit Kumar6, R. Vishwakarma3,8 and R. K. Sohane8
1Department of Horticulture
2Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry
3Department of Agronomy
5Department of Agricultural Engineering
6Department of Animal Husbandry
8Department of Agricultural Entomology
8Director Extension Education, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Turmeric(Curcuma longa) is one of the important spice crops grown for fresh and processing purpose all over the India due to its wider adaptability under various agro-climatic conditions, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmer of the Bhagalpur district of Bihar state. The present study was carried out atGoradih&Pirpainti block of Bhagalpur district during kharif 2017-18 and 2018-19. Varietal replacement through Farmer FIRST Project were conducted on turmeric by the active participation of the farmers with the objective of improved technologies of turmeric production potential. The improved technologies consist improved variety (Rajendra Sonia), balanced fertilizers (Soil test based) application and integrated pest and disease management, etc. The development of the agriculture is primarily depends on the application of the scientific technologies by making the best use of available resources. One of the major constraints of traditional turmeric farming is low productivity because of non-adoption of advanced technologies like improved varieties. To increase the production, productivity and quality of agricultural produce, varietal replacement are being conducted at various farmer’s field. All the recommended practices were provided to the selected farmers. The data related to the cost of cultivation, production, productivity, gross return and net return were collected as per schedule and analysed. Result of the present study revealed the higher average yield in the varietal replacement demonstration was recorded (254.61 q/ha) as compared to farmers practice (125.20 q/ha) traditional adopted by the farmers. The percentage increase in the yield over farmer’s 103.35 was recorded. The technology gap and extension gap were computed 145.39and 129.40q/ha respectively, along with 36.34 percent of technology index. The varietal replacement demonstration field gave higher average net return Rs. 653001.00 and B:C ratio is 1: 2.74. The result of the study indicated the gap existed in the potential yield and demonstration yield is due to soil fertility and weather conditions. Present result clearly show that the yield and economics of turmeric can be boost up by adopting recommended technologies.


Keywords: spice crops agro-climatic soil fertility weather conditions
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How to cite this article:

Kamal Kant, Ghanshyam, S. K. Gupta, S. K. Pathak, A. B. Patel, Sanoj Kumar, Amit Kumar, R. Vishwakarma and Sohane. R. K. 2020. Effect of Varietal Replacement Demonstration on the Yield and Economics of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) cv. Rajendra Sonia in Bhagalpur District of Bihar.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(2): 1842-1848. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.210