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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(2): 1482-1491
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.171


Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Toxoplasmosis among Females of Qassim University, Qassim, KSA
Suzan F. Ali1*, Nagwa El Amin1, Ghaida B. AlQefari2, Ghayda S. Alwahbi2,Amal I. Aljaithen2, Feda S. Alsuhibani2, Daliyah F. Alotaibi2 and Shahad S. Aljohani2
1Department of Pathology and Microbiology, College of Medicine,
University of Qassim, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Pathology, College of Medicine,
University of Qassim, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Toxoplasmosis has worldwide distribution; however, its prevalence varies within countries and communities in the same region. No studies were conducted on the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in Qassim region in Saudi Arabia. Our study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis among females in Qassim University, Al-melida campus, Qassim and identify the risk factors associated with Toxoplasmosis. A cross-sectional study, recruiting a random sample of 304 healthy females at Al-melida campus, Qassim was conducted on September 2018. A questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data of the participants and establish the risk factors leading to Toxoplasma infection. Blood samples were collected from the participants to detect T. gondii antibodies namely immunoglobulin G (IgG) using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. A descriptive analysis of data was done to correlate between seroprevalence and risk factors. Out of 304 females 247 (81.2%) were negative to T. gondii IgG, while 57 (18.8%) were positive. Analysis of risk factors showed statistically insignificant association with Toxoplasma seroprevalence. The seroprevalence of T. gondii among females in our study is 18.8%. No association between risk factors and seropositivity. For future studies, research on a large sample size is required for more accurate seroprevalence.


Keywords: Seroprevalence, Toxoplasma gondii, Risk Factors, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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How to cite this article:

Suzan F. Ali, Nagwa El Amin, Ghaida B. AlQefari, Ghayda S. Alwahbi, Amal I. Aljaithen, Feda S. Alsuhibani, Daliyah F. Alotaibi and Shahad S. Aljohani. 2020. Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Toxoplasmosis among Females of Qassim University, Qassim, KSA. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(2): 1482-1491. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.171