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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(2): 1399-1408
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.162


A Study of Hospital Acquired Bacterial Infections and its Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern in a Teaching Hospital of Gujarat, India
Dipak M. Panjwani1,2, Sucheta J. Lakhani1*,
Sanjay J. Mehta2, Kunjan M. Kikani2 and KhushbooMadaan2
1Department of Microbiology, SBKS Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep  Vidyapeeth, Piparia (Gujarat), India
2Deptartment of Microbiology, C. U. Shah Medical College, Surendranagar (Gujarat), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hospital acquired infections (HAI) are counted as major reasons of mortality, morbidity and emotional stress in hospitalized patients. These infections has also enhanced burden on health care institutions. It has also been estimated that at any time over 1.4 million people worldwide suffer from nosocomial infections. The main reason for this alarming situation is resistant microorganisms of hospitals. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify the bacterial etiological agents responsible for nosocomial infection and to evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of these isolates. This study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, C. U. Shah Medical College, Surendranagar; Gujarat. Various clinical specimens fulfilling the requisite criteria were included in the study. Specimens were collected and further processed for identification and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern through automated system (Vitek-2) as per standard guidelines. Out of total 1324 culture positive specimens, 187 were classified as HAI as per standard definition. The most frequent type of HAI was surgical site infection (45%) followed by Respiratory tract infection (25%). More than 80% of these types of infections were caused by the Gram-negative Bacteria (GNB). Klebsiella sp. (25%), Acinetobacter baumannii (19%), Pseudomonas sp. (16%), E. coli (13%) and Staphylococcus aureus (12%) were the common organisms. Among 24 S. aureus isolates, 18 (78%) were found to be Methicillin resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Majority of Gram-negative isolates showed high resistant against amoxicillin, cefuroxime, cefotaxime and ceftriaxone. The present study reports 187 isolates with HAI. Hand washing practices, operational theater surveillances and periodic training of health care workers can reduce these incidences in hospital.


Keywords: Nosocomial infection, Hospital acquired infection, Prevalence  and  Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern
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How to cite this article:

Dipak M. Panjwani, Sucheta J. Lakhani, Sanjay J. Mehta, Kunjan M. Kikani and Khushboo Madaan. 2020. A Study of Hospital Acquired Bacterial Infections and its Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern in a Teaching Hospital of Gujarat, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(2): 1399-1408. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.162