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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(10): 2738-2742
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.316


Seed Health Status of Farmers’ Saved Black Gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Heppper) Seeds in Western Undulated Zones of Odisha
K. Biswal1, N. Ranasingh1*, K. C. Sahu1, R. L. Moharana2 and S. Behera1
1Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Bhubaneswar, India 2Department of Seed Science & Technology, College of Agriculture, Bhawanipatna,  Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar-766001, Odisha, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Seed health testing to detect seed mycoflora and other parameters like germination status, physical purity, moisture, seedling length and seed vigour index are very important component of management of crop diseases. The legume seeds particularly black gram seeds were screened against these parameters using blotter plate method from untreated seeds as per the International rules for seed testing in the laboratory of Seed Science and Technology and Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Bhawanipatna. The fungi isolated from these seeds are Curvularia lunata, Fusariom pallidoroseum, Pencillium spp., Macrophomina phaseolina, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus spp. A total of seven number fungi belonging to different groups were recorded from the samples of farmers’ saved seed. Curvularia lunata (8.2%), Fusariom pallidoroseum (5.9%), Pencillium spp. (4.3%) and Aspergillus spp. (3.6%) were recorded as major fungi associated with the seed. Average germination, physical pure seed and seed moisture percentage of farmers’ saved seed of different collection places was significantly lower than the Indian Minimum Seed Certification Standards specified for black gram. Therefore, it is recommended that freshly harvested seeds should be well dried to safe moisture content (9.0%) with proper fungicides treatment to protect from seed mycoflora infection.


Keywords: Black gram, seed mycoflora, seed quality, Farmers’ saved seed
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How to cite this article:

Biswal, K., N. Ranasingh, K. C. Sahu, R. L. Moharana  and Behera, S. 2019. Seed Health Status of Farmers’ Saved Black Gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Heppper) Seeds in Western Undulated Zones of Odisha.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(10): 2738-2742. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.810.316