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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(1): 2170-2179
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.901.247


Awareness and Adoption of Urea-Molasses Multi Nutrient Block (UMMB) technology in field situations of Punjab, India
Vidya Nimbalkar*, H.K. Verma and Jaswinder Singh
Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education,
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Uromin-lick (UML)/ Urea-molasses multi nutrient block (UMMB) is a convenient and inexpensive technology providing a range of nutrients to animals. It improves the digestion of low-quality roughages and acts as a blend of energy, protein and minerals. Highlighting the advantages of this technology, the present study was planned to assess the awareness and adoption of the same in field situations of Punjab, India. A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out by using multi-stage random sampling technique and personally interviewing dairy farmers (n=600) from six different districts of state. Majority of farmers (51.00%) were found aware about the technology. Overall adoption was observed around 35.00 per cent, where 13.80 and 21.20 per cent dairy farmers followed full and partial adoption respectively. Chi-square statistics indicated that the socio-economic characteristics of respondents such as age, education, family size, dairy farming experience were not significantly associated with adoption where as variables like land holding, herd size, species reared, social participation, project beneficiary, training received, extension contacts and mass media exposure were found significantly associated (p<0.01). Majority farmers perceived that this technology is easy to implement, divisible and reversible, cost-wise affordable, needs know-how, reduce risk of diseases, observable in terms of outcome, reducing production cost, easy to follow up and triable. This study concluded that farmers can opt to adopt this technology if more awareness is generated along with higher accessibility at field level.


Keywords: UMMB Technology, Awareness, Adoption, Dairy farmers, Punjab
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How to cite this article:

Vidya Nimbalkar, H. K. Verma, Jaswinder Singh. 2020. Awareness and Adoption of Urea-Molasses Multi Nutrient Block (UMMB) technology in field situations of Punjab, India.
Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(1): 2170-2179. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.901.247