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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(1): 1877-1884
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.901.210


A Review on Impact of Climate Change on Apple Production and Scope of Diversification in Himachal Pradesh
Amit Saurabh1*, Anjali Thakur2 and Lakhwinder Kaur2
1Dr. Khem Singh Gill Akal College of Agriculture, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Sirmour – 173 101(HP), India
2Akal College of Agriculture, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Sirmour – 173 101(HP), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Climate change is the most profound challenge over the international community in 21st century. It already affects livelihood and health of people worldwide and mostly people under poverty line. A few years ago snowfall was a regular phenomenon but from the past 20 years only 2-3 instances of snowfall are recorded particularly in Himachal Pradesh. There is an average increase in temperature of about 1.5ºC till October, whereas, 2-10% reduction in rainfall and 50-100 ppm increase in CO2 concentration has been observed, that reduce the apple yield. Apple cultivation is an important profession in Himachal Pradesh and temperature variation changes weather parameters hampering the availability of weather factors at critical stages of growth causing decrease in productivity of apple. In apple, there is decrease in yield due to water shortage (80%) and evaporation rate (20%) leads to reduction in chilling hours. This cause shifting of apple belts towards higher hills of Himachal Pradesh as most cultivars require 1000-1600 chilling hours at or below 7ºC. Climate change has resulted in a decreasing productivity at some extent of apple crop in recent years.


Keywords: Apple, climate change, diversification, varieties, rootstock
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How to cite this article:

Amit Saurabh, Anjali Thakur and Lakhwinder Kaur. 2020. A Review on Impact of Climate Change on Apple Production and Scope of Diversification in Himachal PradeshInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(1): 1877-1884. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.901.210