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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(2): 1580-1590
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.177


Bed Planting System Promotes Crop Diversification for Improving Livelihoods in Western Uttar Pradesh, India
R.K. Naresh1, R.S. Rathore2, Ashish Dwivedi1*, Vineet Kumar3, Ashok Kumar3, Vivak Kumar4, Mukesh Kumar5, Amit Kumar6, Saurabh Tyagi1, Vineet Kumar1, Onkar Singh3 and R.K. Gupta7
1Department of Agronomy, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110, (U.P), India
2Uttar Pradesh Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow, India

3Department of Soil Science; Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110 (U.P), India
4Department of Agriculture Engineering; Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut-250110 (U.P), India
5Department of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut-250110 (U.P), India
6Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA), New Delhi -110 012, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The rice-wheat rotation is one of the world’s largest agricultural production systems occupying about 85% of the cultivated land in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) and nearly one-sixth of the total geographical area of the sub continent. The system accounts for about one-third of the area of both rice and wheat grown in South Asia. Rice-wheat rotations produce more than 45% of the region’s food and provide staple grains for nearly 42% of the total population of 1.3 billion of South Asia. Studies in past decade indicates that sustainability of rice-wheat system in IGP has been at risk mainly due to declining in groundwater levels, soil organic matter content and nutrient availability, increased soil salinization, incidence of pests and diseases. Practices commonly associated with sustainable management include accelerated adoption of resource conserving technologies (RCTs) and diversified crop rotations that enhance soil cover and fertility. In recent past a number of RCTs, like zero-tillage, bed planting, laser leveling, inter cropping of high value crops in the systems, has been introduced in the rice-wheat cropping system in IGP. The adoption of furrow irrigated raised bed (FIRB) planting technique at the farmer’s fields is at initial stage in the region. In this paper importance of bed planting system promotes crop diversification for improving livelihoods in IGP has been described.


Keywords: MWCS-Maize-Wheat cropping system, RWCS-Rice-Wheat cropping system, FIRB-Furrow irrigated raised bed, Crop diversification, Water productivity, Zero- tillage.
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How to cite this article:

Naresh, R.K., R.S. Rathore, Ashish Dwivedi, Vineet Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Vivak Kumar, Mukesh Kumar, Amit Kumar, Saurabh Tyagi, Vineet Kumar, Onkar Singh and Gupta, R.K. 2017. Bed Planting System Promotes Crop Diversification for Improving Livelihoods in Western Uttar Pradesh, IndiaInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(2): 1580-1590. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.177