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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 2332-2340
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.275


Open Defecation Profile of Rural Communities in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of the Niger Delta, Nigeria
RandymayEja Kalu1, Kimboline Donatus Etim2, Okon Aniekanabasi Jonathan2 and Matthew Egbobor Eja2*
1Federal Medical Centre, Yenogoa, Bayelsa, Nigeria
2Department of Public Health, University of Calabar,Cross River State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Open defecation is a global practice, the prevalence of which differs from country to country, and from region to region. The prevalence is particularly significant in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. The aim of this study was to examine the open defecation profile of rural communities of Cross River and AkwaIbom States in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, focusing on the level of sanitation of the two states. A cross-sectional study was adopted, employing a multi-stage random sampling using questionnaires which were distributed to sampled households in the two states. The result revealed a high significant difference (P < 0.01) between rural Cross River and AkwaIbom States with respect to availability of sanitation facilities. 190(90.48%) and 98(46.67%) respondents in Cross River and AkwaIbom States respectively, owned faecal facilities including 17(9.91%) and 25(21.51%) respondents in Cross River and AkwaIbom States owning water closet connected to septic system, respectively. Also, 105(56.15%) respondents in Cross River State and 39(39.80%) in AkwaIbom State owned simple pit latrines, while 20(9.52%) and 112(52.33%) respondents in Cross River and AkwaIbom States, respectively, did not own faecal disposal facilities, indicating open defecation as alternative. Respondents with improved sanitation coverage in Cross River and AkwaIbom States were 61.90% and 38.10% respectively, while unimproved sanitation respondents recorded 31.43% and 68.57% respectively, indicating that sanitation and coverage are worse in AkwaIbom State. This study identifies absence of sanitation facilities as a big factor influencing open defecation in rural Cross River State communities and rural coastal communities in AkwaIbom State.


Keywords: Open defecation, Households, Sanitation facilities, Rural communities, Niger Delta
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How to cite this article:

RandymayEja Kalu, KimbolineDonatus Etim, OkonAniekanabasi Jonathan and Matthew Egbobor Eja. 2019. Open Defecation Profile of Rural Communities in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of the Niger Delta, Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 2332-2340. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.275