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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 2249-2257
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.267


Pattern of Fruit Drop, Yield, Maturity and Harvesting of Different Varieties of Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.) in New Alluvial Zone of West Bengal
T. Adhikary*, S. Kundu, S. Shivakumar and B. Ghosh
Department of Fruits and Orchard Management, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, West Bengal (741 252), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An investigation was carried out at Horticultural Research Station, Mondouri, North 24 Parganas, B.C.K.V., West Bengal, India during 2015-16 with fourteen cultivars of ber to understand and provide a wealth of usable information of ber breeding programme. All the varieties showed wide variation of fruit set (3.9-31.4%), fruit drop (63.085.5%) and retention (14.5-36.9%). Higher percentage of fruit set was noted in Sanur-2 (31.4%), BAU-1 Kul (26.5%), Umran (26.1%), Banarasi Karaka (24.8%). A large percentage of fruit dropped before reaching the maturity stage. However, the heaviest drop was recorded in the variety Banarasi Karaka and minimum in Umran. In all the cultivars the fruit drop was maximum up to 30 days after fruit set, declining later on. In Sanur-2 the fruit set percentage was highest but fruit retention was not up to the mark. Fruit maturity among 14 varieties was 111 to 149 days with a longer period of harvesting (21-37 days) and wide range of yield (15.96 to 46.36 kg/tree). BAU-1 Kul, Gola and Jogia were harvested earlier and Apple Kul, Banarasi Karaka Madhabpur, Mundia, Umran were harvested late. Duration of harvesting was longest in Illaichi. Umran and Topa were higher in fruit yield (46.36 kg and 43.77 kg/plant, respectively).


Keywords: Zizyphus mauritiana, Fruit-drop, Fruit retention, Maturity, Yield
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How to cite this article:

Adhikary, T., S. Kundu, S. Shivakumar and Ghosh, B. 2019. Pattern of Fruit Drop, Yield, Maturity and Harvesting of Different Varieties of Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.) in New Alluvial Zone of West Bengal.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 2249-2257. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.267