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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 667-674
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.087


Effects on Average Orifice Diameter of Hollow-Cone Nozzles
due to Orifice Wear
Akshay Kumar Singh*, Nishanth M. Stanly, Pankaj Malkani and K. R. Asha
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110012, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Pesticides spray nozzle is an essential component to the sprayers of almost all kinds. Orifice tip of nozzle emits the spray solution into finer droplets of desired size and spectrum and sprayed on agricultural field crops. Hollow-cone type nozzles fitted with circular cone orifices are very effective to spray finer droplets due to swirling action of swirl plate. However, these nozzles fail to maintain their droplets size and spray pattern due to wear which results an increase in average orifice diameter (AOD) of nozzle. Three types of hollow-cone nozzles with circular orifices made of plastic, stainless steel and ceramic were studied to investigate the effect on the AOD of orifices under microscopic image analysis due to wear. The experiment was conducted at three different spray pressures of 3.5, 7.0 and 10.5 kg cm-2, respectively. Statistical analysis revealed that the orifice plates made of ceramic materials were the most effective as compared to stainless steel and plastic orifices studied.


Keywords: Circular-cone orifice, Wear, Average orifice diameter, Microscopic image
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How to cite this article:

Akshay Kumar Singh, Nishanth M. Stanly, Pankaj Malkani and Asha, K. R. 2019. Effects on Average Orifice Diameter of Hollow-Cone Nozzles due to Orifice Wear.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 667-674. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.087