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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 2063-2073
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.244


Prevalence of Candida in Blood Cultures from in patients at a Teaching Hospital in Brazil
Vilson Sovio Oliveira de Macedo1, Sebastião Carlos de Sousa Oliveira2,
Maria Rosineida Paiva Rodrigues2, Camila Gomes Virginio Coelho1 and
Francisco Cesar Barroso Barbosa1*
1Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal Universityof Ceará,
Sobral, Ceará, Brazil
2Medical School, Federal Universityof Ceará, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Candidemia is a serious public health problem and is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Candida species isolated from inpatients with candidemia at a teaching hospital in Brazil; characterize patients; correlate the risk factors and investigate the use of antibiotics. Medical records of 54 hospitalized patients from October 2013 to July 2015 were evaluated. The species identification was performed by automated system Vitek ® 2. In this period there were 19,962 hospitalizations, observing a frequency of 2.7 cases per 1,000 admissions. The prevalent species were Candida albicans (29.6%), C. tropicalis (29.6%), and C. parapsilosis (29.6%). Neonatal sepsis was the clinical condition more related to candidemia. The highest incidence of Candida species was observed in patients undergoing invasive procedures. All subjects studied were submitted to prolonged antibiotic therapy. The greatest diversity of Candida species was isolated from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and adult wards. The mortality rate found was 51.0%, of which 78.0% were ICU patients. These results reinforce the need to follow the clinical course of hospitalized patients for Candida infection through epidemiological surveillance in order to contribute to the action plan


Keywords: Candida albicans, Candidemia, Frequence, Nosocomial Infection, Tertiary hospital
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How to cite this article:

Vilson Sovio Oliveira de Macedo, Sebastião Carlos de Sousa Oliveira, Maria Rosineida Paiva Rodrigues, Camila Gomes Virginio Coelho and Francisco Cesar Barroso Barbosa. 2019. Prevalence of Candida in blood Cultures from in patients at a Teaching Hospital in Brazil.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 2063-2073. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.244