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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 1998-2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.238


Consequences of Urbanization on Water Quality in the Agro-ecosystems Along the Rural-Urban and Transition zones of Bengaluru Metropolitan City
Dhanush* and A. S. Devakumar
Department of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, GKVK, UAS, Bengaluru, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Urbanization and its consequences on water quality is one of the important crises that need immediate attention. It has come to a stage of utilizing all available water resources and therefore it is a matter of level of contamination and the purpose. This study is an attempt to see the water quality in the agro-ecosystems along rural urban transition zones (RUT) of Bengaluru in terms of the suitability of water for major utilities such as drinking purpose, irrigation and for livestock use. Water quality is determined based on specific physical, chemical and biological surrogates in ground water bodies (n=30) located in agriculture lands. The mean water quality index of urban ground water suggest that it is not suitable for drinking but, fairly suitable for irrigation and industrial use (C3 and C4 category), while in the transition and rural area it is again not suitable for drinking purpose but suitable for irrigation and industrial use (C2 category). Piper tri-linear diagram indicate that majority of the ground water samples belong to mixed Ca2+–Mg2+– Cl–SO24− type and continuous use of this water leads to soil degradation and crop damage in agroecosystems. Results indicate that water quality in the RUT is depilating and cannot be used for human consummations. Hence there is an immediate need to put water resource management in place.


Keywords: Water quality, Drinking standards, Irrigation water quality, Livestock water quality
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How to cite this article:

Dhanush, C. and Devakumar, A. S. 2019. Consequences of Urbanization on Water Quality in the Agro-ecosystems Along the Rural-Urban and Transition zones of Bengaluru Metropolitan City.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 1998-2013. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.238