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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 1921-1929
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.230


Molecular Markers and a New Vista in Plant Breeding: A Review
Mainak Barman1* and Sayanta Kundu2
1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics,
2Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Plant breeding, which set off its journey with human being’s shifting from the activities of hunting and gathering towards nurturing seeds under the fixed settlement, is now a well-developed science. The destiny of plant breeding has been transformed since the 1980s, with impressive advancement of the technology called molecular marker. Various categories of molecular markers have been developed and the technologies have boosted crop improvement. RFLP was the first-generation molecular marker system based on the DNA-DNA hybridization method. Then the invention of PCR by Kary Mullis gave birth to the second-generation PCR-based markers. These were not only faster but also less expensive. Now, third-generation markers have taken their entry that is sequence-based. Molecular markers play A large number of important roles ranging from phylogenetic analysis, diversity studies, fingerprinting, construction of genetic maps, heterosis investigation etc. This review may be useful in better understanding the characteristics of various molecular markers.


Keywords: Plant breeding, Molecular marker, Hybridization, RFLP, PCR
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How to cite this article:

Mainak Barman and Sayanta Kundu. 2019. Molecular Markers and a New Vista in Plant Breeding: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 1921-1929. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.230