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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 1785-1791
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.214


Studies on Integrated Nutrient Management and Planting Dates in China Aster for Loose Flower Production
Amita Abrol1*, S. V. S. Chaudhary1, S. R. Dhiman1, R. K. Gupta2 and Rajesh Kaushal3
1Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture,
2Department of Basic Sciences
3Department of Soil Science and Water Management, Dr YSP University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh-173 230, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation was carried out to standardize integrated nutrient management schedule and planting dates for loose flower production in china aster cv. ‘Kamini’. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design (RBD) with 2 planting dates i.e. April and July and 12 treatment combinations i.e. 100%, 85% and 70% NPK along with vermicompost, biofertilizers (Azotobacter + Arbuscular Mycorrhizae fungi) replicated thrice. China aster (Callistephus chinensis (L.) Nees) belongs to family ‘Asteraceae’ and is native to China. China aster is a symbol of patience and elegance. The species is a hardy annual, commercially grown for loose flowers, which are used in floral decoration, garlands, beds and borders and act as biocolorant. The chemical fertilizers are important sources of nutrients but the indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers poses the threat of environmental pollution and soil health degradation. Biofertilizers are ready to use live formulation of such beneficial microorganisms which on application to seed, root or soil, mobilize the availability of nutrients by their biological activities. They help in buildup of the soil micro-flora and thereby soil health half dose of nitrogen and whole of the phosphorus and potassium were incorporated in soil one week before planting according to the treatments. The remaining half dose of nitrogen was applied after 30 days of planting. Vermicompost was applied immediately after planting @ 1kg/m2. Azotobacter were applied by preparing slurry of 200 g of the inocula in one litre of 10% sugar solution as root dip for 500 seedlings. The Arbuscular Mycorrhizae fungal consortia were applied @ 2 g/plant at the time of planting. The observations on various growth and flowering parameters were recorded and the results revealed that maximum plant height (72.70 cm), plant spread (29.77 cm), early blooming (75.97 days), number of flower per meter square (471.20), azotobacter count (31.22 x 10-5 cfu/g of soil) and Arbuscular Mycorrhizae (AM) spore count (206.60 spore count per 50 gram) was observed with T12 i.e. 70% NPK + Vermicompost + Biofertilizer with April planting.


Keywords: China aster, Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Potassium, Biofertilizers, Vermicompost, Planting Dates
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How to cite this article:

Amita Abrol, S. V. S. Chaudhary, S. R. Dhiman, R. K. Gupta and Rajesh Kaushal. 2019. Studies on Integrated Nutrient Management and Planting Dates in China Aster for Loose Flower Production.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 1785-1791. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.214