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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 1745-1768
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.210


Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security of Small Farmers through Efficient Resource Recycling in Crop-Fish-Poultry-Mushroom based Integrated Farming System Model
Hemanta Kumar Sahoo1*, Basudev Behera2, Manoranjan Satapathy2
and Stuti Debapriya Behera2
1Directorate of Extension Education,
2Department of Agronomy, OUAT, Bhubaneswar -751 003, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A study was undertaken under rainfed conditions to develop pond-based IFS models for smallholder farm of 1.6 ha comprising rice-onion cropping system, multilayer pisciculture, poultry and mushroom with conventional rice-green gram cropping system. Field experiments were conducted at five cluster of villages located in five different blocks viz. Khajuripada of Kandhamal district, Dhenkanal Sadar and Odapada of Dhenkanal district, Golamunda and Narla of Kalahandi district of Odisha under rainfed medium land situations during 2010-11 to 2012-13. The IFS model gave rice equivalent yield (REY) of 28081 kg/ha, net return of  1,42,201/ha and B : C of 1.82 as compared to REY of 4188 kg/ha, net return of  9522/ha and B:C of 1.25 in conventional rice-greengram cropping system. Among the clusters, Narla cluster recorded the maximum REY of 17,119 kg/ha closely followed by Dhenkanal Sadar with REY of 17,038 kg/ha. The 1.6 ha IFS model provided 5461 kg grain of rice, 29,811 kg of onion, 443.6 kg fish, 1983.0 kg raw fruit yield of papaya, 1083.0 kg fruit yield of plantain, 642.0 kg drumstick, 847.0 kg poultry meat, 901.2 kg paddy straw mushroom and 714.4 kg oyster mushroom to the farm family and recyclable by-products of 5940 kg paddy straw, 5000 kg pond silt, 2104.0 kg poultry excreta and 13022 kg mushroom spent for recycling in the system and use as inputs by other enterprises in the models. The 1.6 ha rainfed farm with conventional cropping provided 4290 kg grain of rice and 750 kg of green gram for consumption by the farm family. The Sustainable Yield Index (SYI) and Sustainable Value Index (SVI) values were 0.82 and 0.44, respectively, in pond based IFS model as compared to 0.13 and 0.03 in conventional cropping system of rice-green gram sequence cropping under rainfed conditions.


Keywords: Rainfed rice farms, Conventional cropping system, Productivity, Profitability
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How to cite this article:

Hemanta Kumar Sahoo, Basudev Behera, Manoranjan Satapathy and Stuti Debapriya Behera. 2019. Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security of Small Farmers through Efficient Resource Recycling in Crop-Fish-Poultry-Mushroom based Integrated Farming System Model.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 1745-1768. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.210