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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 177-186
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.026


Studies on Exposure Time for Freeze Branding using Copper and Brass Metal in Sahiwal Cattle
Arvind K. Nandanwar1*, Sharad Mishra2 and Deepak Thakur3
1KVK, Mahasamund, IGKV, Raipur, India
2LPM, College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, CGKV, Durg, India
3KVK, Balod, IGKV, Raipur, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation was conducted at the Bull Mother Experimental Farm, College of Veterinary Science & A.H., Anjora, Durg. Age group of Sahiwal cattle 0 to 6 and 6 to 12 months, the days required for appearance of white hairs was relatively lesser (43.33±1.20 and 42.8±4.93 days) at 7 and 8 seconds, respectively for copper metal during freeze branding. In 12 – 18 months of age group, minimum days (55.5±6.54) required for appearance of white hairs were seen at 18 seconds of exposure time using brass metal. The 100 percent legibility of white hairs in 0 to 6 months of age group for copper metal, whereas, age group of 6 to 12 months, the 100 percent legibility of white hairs was seen for both the metals. The weak legibility of white hairs was seen in above 18 months of age group which can be attributed to the thickness of skin of animals which may have become thicker with advancement of age. Brass metal was better than copper metal as 5 per cent animals scored 5. Hence, on the basis of score points, it was concluded that brass metal is better for all age group over copper metal. The mean value of neutrophils, before and after freeze branding, was 20.28±1.62 and 22.62±2.47%, respectively within the normal range and could not be an indication of stress associated with freeze branding.


Keywords: Brass, Copper, Freeze branding, Exposure time, Age group, Sahiwal cattle
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How to cite this article:

Arvind K. Nandanwar, Sharad Mishra and Deepak Thakur. 2019. Studies on Exposure Time for Freeze Branding using Copper and Brass Metal in Sahiwal Cattle.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 177-186. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.026