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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 89-96
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.014


Phytochemical Analysis of Wild Meethi Neem [Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng] Collections of Himachal Pradesh
Reetu*, Nageswer Singh, Nilamani Dikshit and Maharishi Tomar
ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi-284003, (UP), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng commonly known as ‘Curry patta’ or ‘Meethi Neem’ is a native plant of India. The leaves are widely used for flavoring food items for the Indian preparations like curries, chutneys, sambhar, buttermilk, and preparations of egg, fish and meat. Fresh leaves of Meethi Neem contain carotene, nicotinic acid, vitamin C, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, volatile oil and also have reported to possess anti-oxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-carcinogenic, hypoglycemic and antihypertensive activity. Fifteen wild Meethi Neem leaf samples collected at three stages viz. pre-flowering, flowering and fruiting stages from 15diverse locations of Kangra and Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh were analyzed to evaluate phytochemical constituents i.e. total chlorophyll, carotenoid content (µg/g) and ascorbic content. The range of variation for phytochemical constituents at three stages varied significantly viz. total chlorophyll (0.79 to 1.43, 1.31 to 1.94 and 0.88 to 1.10 mg/g), total carotenoids (30.55 to 49.25, 49.09 to 60.81 and 31.24 to 41.42 μg/g), ascorbic acid (7.01 to 9.82, 3.58 to 6.06 and 2.99 to 4.93 mg/100g), respectively. Among all picking stages highest value of total chlorophyll and carotenoid content was observed at flowering stage whereas ascorbic acid content showed highest value at pre-flowering stage.


Keywords: Ascorbic acid, Flowering stage, Chlorophyll, Carotenoid content, Anti-oxidant
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How to cite this article:

Reetu, Nageswer Singh, Nilamani Dikshit and Maharishi Tomar. 2019. Phytochemical Analysis of Wild Meethi Neem [Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng] Collections of Himachal Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 89-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.014