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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(11): 1967-1978
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.230


Effect of Cow Urine and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) on Seed Germination, Growth and Survival of Karonda (Carissa carandas L.) Seedlings
Shreesty Pal*, T.R. Sharma, and O. P. Nagar
Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture JNKVV, Jabalpur - 482004, (MP), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation entitled “Effect of cow urine and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) on seed germination, growth and survival of Karonda (Carissa carandas L.) seedlings” was conducted at Fruit Research Station, Imalia, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, J.N.K.V.V., Jabalpur (M.P.) during the year 2018 - 2019. The experiment was laid out in Factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications. The experiment consist of 8 treatments T0 (Control), T1 (25% cow urine), T2 (50% cow urine), T3 (100% cow urine), T4 (Pseudomonas 6ml/kg seeds), T5 (25% cow urine + Pseudomonas 6ml/kg seeds), T6 (50% cow urine + Pseudomonas 6ml/kg seeds), T7 (100% cow urine + Pseudomonas 6ml/kg seeds). All the seed and soil inoculation treatments showed better germination, growth and survival when compared to uninoculated control. Among various combinations, the combined effect of seed treatment with 25% cow urine and soil inoculation with 6ml/ kg pseudomonas were more superior over the other combinations with highest seed germination (5.33 days), 50% germination (14.50 days), germination at 60 DAS (79.63%), coefficient of germination (6.10), speed of germination (9.15). Growth parameters at 60, 90 and 120 DAS with seedling height (8.75, 11.20 and 12.60 cm), stem girth (1.98, 2.36 and 2.64 mm), number of leaves per seedling (29.3, 72.2 and 89.4) respectively, other growth parameters at 120 DAS such as length of seedling (28.39 cm), number of roots per seedling (118.3), fresh weight of seedlings (3.41g), dry weight of seedlings (1.43g), seedling vigor index I (2269.7 cm), seedling vigor index II (106.8g), survival of seedlings (81.4%), leaf area index (4.09), leaf area duration (677798 cm2.days), light transmission ratio (34.52%) and energy interception (0.44 cal cm-2 min-1).


Keywords: Karonda (Carissa carandas L.), Cow urine, Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, Pseudomonas
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How to cite this article:

Shreesty Pal, T.R. Sharma and Nagar, O.P. 2019. Effect of Cow Urine and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) on Seed Germination, Growth and Survival of Karonda (Carissa carandas L.) Seedlings.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(11): 1967-1978. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.230