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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(11): 1779-1786
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.209


Mobile Phones of Healthcare Workers – A Boon for Communication or A Potential Reservoir of Nosocomial Pathogens?
Siddesh Basawaraj Sirwar1 and Javeria Firdous2*
Department of Microbiology, KBN Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hospital acquired infections are a problem in both developed and developing countries. India is ranked second in the list of number of mobile phone users in the world. Healthcare workers do use mobile phones. However they are seldom cleaned, therefore serve as potential reservoir of nosocomial pathogens: To determine the bacterial flora on mobile phones of HCWs and non HCWs; To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of microorganisms isolated from mobile phones of HCWs and non HCWs; To study the efficacy of decontamination with a single 70% isopropyl alcohol swipe. A total of 150 HCWs and 50 Non HCWs were involved in the study. The samples were collected aseptically from mobile phones before and after disinfection with 70% isopropyl alcohol using sterile cotton swab moistened with sterile normal saline. Pre- and post- disinfection swabs were inoculated onto blood agar and MacConkey agar plate, incubated aerobically at 370C for 24 hours. Identification was done as per recommended standard microbiological methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed as per CLSI guidelines. Among 150 mobile phones of HCWs, 141 yielded single or mixed growth with a total of 306 isolates. CONS (113) were prominent isolates followed by gram positive bacilli (96), MSSA (28), MRSA (24), Pseudomonas (14), Micrococcus (14), Enterococcus (10) and E. coli (7). Out of 50 Non HCWs, 15(30%) showed growth, of which 11 were CONS & 7 were Gram positive bacilli. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed multi drug resistant organisms in mobile phones of HCWs. The efficacy of decontamination was found to be 89% as only 15 mobile phones of HCWs showed growth after decontamination. We conclude that mobile phones of HCWs can act as a potential source of nosocomial infections and simple usage of alcohol disinfectant and hand washing practices can reduce the risk of infection.


Keywords: Mobile phones, Nosocomial infections, Health Care Workers (HCWs), 70% isopropyl alcohol
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How to cite this article:

Siddesh Basawaraj Sirwar and Javeria Firdous. 2019. Mobile Phones of Healthcare Workers – A Boon for Communication or A Potential Reservoir of Nosocomial Pathogens?Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(11): 1779-1786. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.209