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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(11): 1483-1503
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.173


Production Evaluation of Wheat through the Use of Different Cultivation Practices Using Different Machineries at Agricultural Machinery Testing and Research Centre (AMTRC), Sarlahi, Nepal
Ram Nath Jha*, Md. Shamshad Ansari, Manish Thakur and Ram Abtar Mahato
Agricultural Machinery Testing and Research Centre (AMTRC), Nawalpur, Sarlahi, Nepal
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In Nepal an agricultural plays vital role in Nepalese economy. Rice, Maize, Buckwheat, Wheat are major cereal crop of Nepal. Among this wheat is a third major cereal crop of Nepal and first winter crop. Due to youth and Skilled Manpower migration in urban areas and in gulf countries in search of better opportunities, Agriculture in Nepal is facing labor scarcity. Lack of human resources in agriculture has compelled farmers to find out alternate choice and mechanization in wheat farming is one of the best solutions for better production, less drudgery, quick operations and better farm income. In order to address this issue, an experiment on uses of different agricultural machineries and cultivation practices in wheat crop was conducted at AMTRC, Sarlahi during 2074/075 and 2075/076. Experiments were carried out in three replications with five treatments in 2800 m2 plot size. The variety of wheat was Gautam and was sown at the rate of 120kg/ha. Fertilizers were applied @ 100:60:60 kg NPK/ha. Herbicide applied was 2-4-D and Pendymethaylen @ 5ml/litre of water. Irrigation and other cultural practices were followed as per recommendation. The pooled analysis of two years data of grain yield was significant at one per cent level. The highest yield of 3547.50 kg/ha was obtained in treatment T3 (minimum tillage) where power tiller operated seed drill (PTOSD) machine was used for wheat cultivation followed by the treatment T4 (3456.67 kg/ha) where rotavator zero tiller was used. The lowest mean grain yield (3005.00 kg/ha) was recorded in T2 for which seed sowing rotavator was used in experiment. The average gross margin of two years was obtained highest (Rs. 63840.07/ha) by T3 where the power tiller operated seed drill machine was used for wheat cultivation. The total variable cost in use of PTOSD machine in T3, was 17.58 per cent less than farmers’ practices. Similarly the gross margin was also 25.92 per cent more than farmer’s practices (Check) obtained in PTOSD machine used treatment. The production was also highest in this treatment among other practices which was 3547.50 kg/ha, and this yield was more than 10 per cent higher than farmer’s practices.


Keywords: Mechanization, Wheat, Herbicide, PTOSD (minimum tillage), Rotavator, Gross margin
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How to cite this article:

Ram Nath Jha, Md. Shamshad Ansari, Manish Thakur and Ram Abtar Mahato. 2019. Production Evaluation of Wheat through the Use of Different Cultivation Practices Using Different Machineries at Agricultural Machinery Testing and Research Centre (AMTRC), Sarlahi, Nepal.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(11): 1483-1503. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.173