International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in

National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(11): 1141-1146

Problems Faced by Women in Male out Migrant Households
Veena Chandawari* and Shobha Nagnur
Department of Extension and Communication Management, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad 580 005, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author

Male out-migration is the most often adopted strategy in rural areas to surmount risks associated with agriculture and to diversify income. There are various reasons for the increased exodus of labor from rural areas, such as underdevelopment, unemployment, less availability of non-farm jobs and population pressure. Male persistent absence has many repercussions on women left behind. Migration can bring financial prosperity but it causes the absences of traditional cultural figure from family, which ultimately brings a changes in the lives of left behinds, the wives and children. After male migration, female members are expected to perform all the functions what the male person was taking care off. This over burden of responsibilities makes them to become more stressful. They also feel emotionally insecure because of physical separation from the husband. Hence, an attempt is made to analyze the problems faced by women in male out- migration families. The study was carried out in Bagalkot, Vijayapura, Dharwad, Gadag and Haveri districts of North Karnataka. A purposive random sampling technique was followed to select the blocks and villages with the sample size of 200 respondents. Wives of the migrants acted as the respondents who were interviewed personally and the data was collected using pre-tested, structured interview schedule. In the present study their problems are categorised as socio-personal, economic, psychological, reproductive health and agricultural problems. The findings revealed that major problems in male out migration families, cent per cent of the women said that work burden has increased and their husbands do not send them money on terms (irregular remittance), 87 per cent of them felt loneliness, 73.50 per cent of them faced eve teasing, 68 per cent of the woman felt insecure due to absence of their husbands, 45.50 per cent of the women were not able to visit gynecologists in the absence of their husbands and 95.87 per cent of the women did not have lands in their own names and so could not avail loans and other government facilities. The central and state government should create more livelihood opportunities for the people within rural area, by implementing suitable schemes to control the increasing trend of migration.

Keywords: Problems, Women, Male out, Migrant
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Veena Chandawari and Shobha Nagnur. 2019. Problems Faced by Women in Male out Migrant Households.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(11): 1141-1146. doi: