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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(11): 1045-1051
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.123


Effect of Seed Treatment with Fungicide, Micronutrients and Biofertilizers on Growth and Yield of Chickpea in Madhya Pradesh, India
Megha Dubey*, V.K. Verma, Nidhi Verma, Anjum Ahmed and Usha Waskle
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Betul, J. N. K. V. V, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was carried out during the Rabi season of the year 2018 to find out the effect of seed treatment with fungicide, micronutrients and biofertilizers on growth and yield attributing characters of chickpea. The micro nutrients like molybdenum and boron were used for seed treatment in chickpea and resulted in increase in germination percent, growth of plants and yield attributing characters were improved. The experiment comprises of 8 treatments with3 replications. The treatment T7 in which seed treatment was done with 2 ml/kg of fungicide (Thiophanate methyl 45%+Pyroclostrobin 5%FS)+ 2 g of Boron +1 g Moylbdenum + 10 ml from each of Rhizobium, PSB and Tricoderma culture has resulted in increase plant height (35.17 cm),branches/plant (10.2), number of pods /plant(54.67),100 seed weight (20.14g),grain yield (26.23 q/hec) and straw yield (30.17 q/hec). Micronutrients play an important role in increasing yield of pulses and oilseed legumes through their effects on the plant itself and on the nitrogen fixing symbiotic process. The deficiency of these nutrients has been very pronounced under multiple cropping systems due to excess removal by HYV of crops and hence their exogenous supplies are urgently required. Molybdenum is required for the formation of the nitrate reductase enzyme and in the legume it plays an additional role in symbiotic nitrogen fixation. The nitrogen fixing enzyme, nitrogenase is composed of molybdenum and iron and without adequate quantities of these elements, nitrogen fixation can’t occur. Boron is very important in cell division and in pod and seed formation. Boron ranks third place among micronutrients in its concentration in seed and stem as well as its total amount after zinc. The critical level of boron with reference to crops in general was reported to be 0.15 to 0.20 ppm depending on soil type. Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris (Foc) is the most serious and widespread disease of chickpea, causing a 100% loss under favorable conditions. The treatment improved the gross income by 97235.60 and net income by 68280.10 with benefit cost ration of 2.3.


Keywords: Chickpea, Molybdenum, Boron, Biofertilizer, Thiophanate methyl, Pyroclostrobin
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How to cite this article:

Megha Dubey, V.K. Verma, Nidhi Verma, Anjum Ahmed and Usha Waskle. 2019. Effect of Seed Treatment with Fungicide, Micronutrients and Biofertilizers on Growth and Yield of Chickpea in Madhya Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(11): 1045-1051. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.123