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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(11): 397-406
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.050


Sustaining Minor Millet Production in Hilly Areas of Uttarakhand through Intercropping of Minor Millets and Pulses- A Review
Shalini1, Brijbhooshan2* and V.K. Didal2
1Department of Agronomy, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar-263 145, India
2Department of Agronomy, Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad-500 030, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Agriculture in the mountains of Uttarakhand is mostly subsistence farming where small millets occupy an important place in the agriculture of the Uttarakhand especially in hilly regions. Small millets are grown up to an altitude of 3000 m above sea level in both pure and mixed stands and under Jhuming (shifting) cultivation. In Uttarakhand, 55% of the total cultivated area is under rainfed cultivation and millets are especially valued for filling specific niches because they often succeed under stressful situation where other crops fail to produce an acceptable harvest. Minor millets and pulses both have a great potential to survive under stress condition as compared to other cereal crops. Intercropping of pulses with minor millet can not only sustain millet production in Uttarakhand but also can conserve soil and water loss along with complementary use of nutrients. Millets based intercropping and sequential cropping of millets with pulse recorded more system yield with less weeds, insects and diseases infestation in the crop. Research findings showed that inclusion of legumes with millets in proper row can achieve higher net return, more crop equivalent yield with less cost of cultivation than sole cropping of finger millet.


Keywords: Minor millets, Pulses, Soil and water conservation, Land equivalent ratio
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How to cite this article:

Shalini, Brijbhooshan and Didal, V.K. 2019. Sustaining Minor Millet Production in Hilly Areas of Uttarakhand through Intercropping of Minor Millets and Pulses- A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(11): 397-406. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.811.050